Fedoskino is the site of the country's oldest lacquer miniature industry.
In the late 18th century merchant Ivan Korobov set up a factory of lacquer production in the village of Danilkovo (now Fedoskino) near Moscow ,which in the early 19th century was inherited by the son-in-law Piotr(or Peter)Lukutin. He increased its out put, and in 1828 earned the right to stamp the inner side of creative quests, perfection of painting technique and decorative ornamentation. The Lukutin's lacquers became known abroad.
The Lukutin's lacquer miniature was popular for its high artistic workmanship.The painting was done by oils,which compact brushwork and fine "transparent" strokes. Gold leaf and metallic powders were often used that showed through the translucent coat of paint.
Lukutin lacquer painting enjoyed the influence of Russian realistic art.The artists' proximity to folklore promted the creation of highly popular images.Scenes of tea-parties, women's gathering and troika's rides won great favour with the people.
The lacquer work brought out by the Vishnyakov factories had much in common with its Lukutin counterpart in terms of form and content. The Vishnyakov and Lukutin enterprises existed side by side for nearly a century; they were fine models of mutual influence. In 1904 The Lukutin heirs closed down their lacquer works.The former Lukutin Masters organized in 1910 the Fedoskino labour artel thus enabling the industry to servive in the conditions of dire competition between petty lacquer factories and lay the groundwork for a joint artistic process. a new stage was introduced in lacquer miniature painting.
After the Revolution of 1917 the Fedoskino artel was joined by young artists whose work reflected the life of that period , the stages in the development of Soviet State , Russia historical past. The "Troikas","Tea Parties" and "Women's Gatherings" were used as subjects for new , original compositions.Special attention was devoted to the subject in its integrity and its ornamental decor with the stress on traditional techniques:filigree, checker-work, circular and gold ornamentation. The highly attractive caskets, panels, brooches and boxes of different form of size with miniature painting and gold ornament, their dazzling lacquer surface and the play of their rich colors are remarkable blend of usefulness and beauty.
The contemporary Fedoskino miniature painting promotes the independent development of all genres of this unique art.
Old Fedoskino Masters of portraiture V.D.Lipitskiy,M.G.Pashinin, P.S.Davydov trasmited their rich experience and knowledge to the younger Fedoskino Masters: Nikolay Soloninkin, Lubov Pashinina and others.They have created fine portraits of political and military leaders ,writers and artists, heroes of labour and science in 1970-1980s.
Reviving the traditions of the decorative-ornamental genre painters S.Tardasov,V.Korsakov, Yu.Gusev ,and S.Monashov created in the 1980s works of art remarkable for their ornamental plasticity and highly subtle workmanship.
Fine works of Fedoskino art representative of landscape painting were created by I.I.Strakhov, Sergey P.Rogatov,Yuriy Karapayev, Sergey Kozlov,Mikhail Kornienko, Ye.Starykh who depicted the beauty of Moscow's environs.
The end of the past century was "Golden" time for the Top Fedoskino Masters as Mikhail Chizhov,A.Tolstov, Piotr Puchkov, Sergey Chistov,Viktor Antonov, Gennadiy Larishev.
Nowadays, very interesting works are created by Yelena Khomutinnikova, Anatoliy Kuznetsov, Sergey Kozlov, Oleg Shapkin, Nadezhda Strelkina ,Alexander Fyodorov,Sergey and Marina Rogatovs,Pavel Anokhin,Eduard Makarov, Alexander Mikheev, Igor Isaev and many others Top Fedoskino Artists.
The works of Fedoskino artists are displayed in private collections and in the Museums all over the World.
This very realistic landscape scene has been painted by well-known Fedsokino artist, Tatyana Tipyakova. The work is called "Little Stream", and shows a forest glade with the stream running over the stones and we almost can hear the babbling of the water!
This exquisite portrait-like composition was painted by well-known Fedoskino artist Svetlana Danshina. It is an excellent representation of Fedoskino realism. The artist has expertly implemented shade and tone to create this life-like portraits of two children. Very peaceful and romantic composition!
This exceptional box was created by Olga Selezneova from the village of Fedoskino.It is shows a scene from peasant life. It is the beginning of summer, the time when people celebrate the St. John Baptist's Day (or the Ivan Kupala Day) which is the ancient pagan feast.
Masha Galyamina from the village of Fedoskino created this originally shaped box. The work is called "An Old Forest Man". According to folk believes, the Forest Man is a forest spirit who keeps the forest and can understand the language of animals. Here we can see the Forest Man telling something interesting to foxes and hares.
This elegant box has been painted by Larisa Olisova. Here she has drawn the portrait of Lady in a Hat.The portrait is drawn against the light blue background. Silver powder shines through the bows that decorate the woman's dress and feathers on a hat.
Prominent Fedoskino artist Boris Shavirin has painted this composition based on well-known Pushkins phrase "If I would be a Tsarina..." World-known Tale of Tsar Sultan written by famous Russian poet Alexander Pushkin is started with this phrase...
This impressive view of the St.-Basil's Cathedral has been created by Dmitry Tipyakov, the son of the well-known Fedoskino landscape-painter, Tatyana Tipyakova. From the left of the St.-Basil's Cathedral the artist has painted the Spasskaya Tower.